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Deuteronomy 4





BY: Josh Boles

Today we start Moses’s second speech. This speech is a repeat of the Law found from Exodus to Numbers. Again, as we discussed in chapter one, this is in expositional form. Moses is delivering a sermon to the people, not reciting new laws. Moses has already stated a couple of times, and again here, that the Lord is angry with him and he will not be allowed to enter into the Promise Land. This, I believe, is Moses’s heart in his sermon. He wants so badly for the Israelite people to enter into the land promised to them so he must warn them not to fall into past mistakes.

Chapter 4 is considered to start the section of Moses’s speech on the Law, but is in a bit different form. This specific speech is even more expositional than chapters 1-3 and offered a transition from those chapters into reciting the Law. Just take a look at how chapter 4 starts, “and now.” This is a turning from reciting the past to Moses’s main sermon.

Chapter 4 is a very long chapter. If you have already read it I’m sure you have noticed this. Because of this, it would be very difficult to focus on a key point or even a few key points. What I want to do today is just break down these sections and briefly explain the context to you. This will be more practical information just to prepare us for the Laws in the chapters to come.

Just like any good southern Baptist preacher, Moses has some pretty clear points, and a strong conclusion. Also just like ay Southern Baptist preacher, it takes Moses a really long time to communicate these three points, and even longer to land the ship. This first point Moses makes is that God speaks, and we should listen. If you take a look at verse two, the supremacy and sufficiency of scripture is stated here. Israel is to submit to God’s whole, and perfect Word. They are commanded, just as we are, to not take away, or add anything to it.

The next point is, God is holy, we should fear him. Since we are commanded to hear God’s Word, we are commanded to Obey God’s Word. Take a closer look at verses 3-4. Moses says that those who are alive today are the ones the would hold fast to God’s commandments. In other words, they feared the Lord, and kept His commands to the best of their ability.

Moses’s third point is that God is wise, we should learn from Him. Obedience to the Lord will always point people to the wisdom of the Lord. This just makes sense. If we live according to the Bible, we will live a wise life. If we consider ourselves to be Christ followers, but follow our own pride and expectations, we will be mere pretenders and people will not consider our way of life wise. Israel’s tendency is to do just this. They accept God’s commands, but then life life the way they want to. We see this portrayed in verse 9.

The last section is very long but Moses has some important truths to communicate here. In his very long conclusion his point is that God alone is God, and we should worship Him. This is a response to the previous points. Because God speaks, because he is holy and wise, we should worship Him as the one true God. Moses offers several examples of why this is true.

In verse 10-19 Moses speaks of Israel’s experience at Sinai. Then, in 20 he speaks of their deliverance. Verse 21-24 speaks of Moses’s experience at Kadesh when he hit the rock instead of speaking to it like God commanded him to. 25-31 is God’s loving covenant for His people, in spite of their rebellion, and the last few verses speak about the great love of God. Moses spends a great deal of time emphasizing that the Lord is the one and only true God. He is the Lord of all, and He commands obedience from us. No matter if we lived during the time of Deuteronomy or present day, we are to live a life of faithful obedience.

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Deuteronomy 3






BY: Josh Boles

Today’s chapter is a continuation of chapter 3. You will notice that the first word in verse 1 is “then.” There is nothing special about this paragraph break, it is just to help us break it down. This is a continuation of the historical recount of Israels victories and shortcomings.

Just as we have been talking about the last couple of days, this chapter is just rehashing the past so the Israelites will be better equipped to enter the promise land. To us, these stories can be hard to read and seem rather boring. It is just detailed information on what happened in the past, but there is great purpose to these words. Let’s take a closer look at verses 5-7. Moses speaks of the fortified cities here. Basically Moses is saying here that there is no way we should have beaten them, but we did.

Remember that the context of Deuteronomy is 40 years in the wilderness because of Israels rebellion. This helps us to understand this chapter a little better. Moses is trying desperately to persuade them in these verses to cross the Jordan, not fearing their enemies, but trusting in God’s power. The rest of this chapter up to verse 18 is more details, and distribution of land.

In verse 18-22 is the conclusion of this specific speech. It is Moses final argument to get the Israelites pumped up and ready for battle. I played football for ten years in Marlow, and I cannot remember one time where a coach did not do all he could do to get our adrenaline pumping to defeat our enemy. To me, this is what Moses is doing. He lets them know here that all of them except for women, children, and livestock are to go into battle. In verse 21 Moses tells them that their victories will be ensured to any enemy they come in contact with. The “why” of this is found in verse 21. This victory is only ensured if they trust in the Lord. If God fights for you, victory is assured, there is no doubt about it. This is the model of victory that the Israelites will see under the leadership of Joshua.

Verses 23-29 is the last section of historical narrative that Moses will give in his speeches. Tomorrow we get into the Law. This si still preparation for entering into the promised land, but this one last pump up speech. Moses is coming to them here with a very emotional plea. Moses, because of Israels rebellion, is not allowed to enter the promise land. He can look at it, see how beautiful it is, but will not be allowed to enter. Moses even says, “The Lord was angry with me, because of you.” But yet Moses is still writing these words.

This says something about the Character of Moses. He was far less interested in personal gain, and was committed to the success of the nation of Israel. Even though this is true, Moses and the nation of Israel is still punished. This reminds me again of my football days. I was an offensive lineman. Anytime one of us had a false start, the whole line had to suffer. Even if it was one person, one time in the game. The next Monday, we all ran just about until we puked. I remember other times when a couple of the players did a few really stupid things. One time in particular there were some very offensive things done to the Comanche football field. The coaches knew who did it, and they had to set the game our, but we all ran.

The point here is that we are all in this together. When the church suffers, we all suffer. Like Moses, our main priority should be the kingdom of God, and for us specifically in Marlow, Oklahoma, that is our local Church. We are to stand with the Church, fight for the Church. God, through His son Jesus, has ensured us great victory over our enemy. It is time to stand together, trust in the Lord, and prevail over our enemy, and reach the lost for the sake of the Lord. Be encouraged Church, because the Lord is fighting WITH you!

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