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Joshua 19




SCRIPTURE: Joshua 19

This chapter marks the end of the allotments and allocation of land to the remaining tribes of Israel.  The next chapter deals in large part with the creation of refuge cities which is most interesting.  The chapter after that focuses on the specifics of what is given to the tribe of Levi.  But the general process of allotment and allocation draws to a close with this chapter.

As you read through the chapter you will see the legal descriptions of the lands given to Simeon, Zebulun, Issachar, Asher, Naphtali, and Dan.

As you read about the land given to Simeon, you will find it is part of the land that was given to Judah.  The reason for this, in verse 9, is the land given to Judah was “too large for them”.  This doesn’t mean that God made a mistake when He gave this section of land to Judah.  But it could mean a couple of other things.  One, they didn’t exercise the faith that God would take care of the Canaanites that were still living in that area.  Two, they didn’t make the effort to take all that God had given them. 

Interestingly enough, the tribe of Simeon would eventually lose their identity.  Many of the people of that tribe would fold into the tribe of Judah and others would migrate north to Ephraim and Manasseh and join them.

Zebulun is the next tribe.  One thing that I want to call to your attention is the town of Bethlehem mentioned in verse 15 is not the same town of Bethlehem where Jesus would be born. 

Issachar was given the fertile and beautiful Valley of Jezreel which by the way was also a noted battlefield.  However, this tribe basically only occupied the mountainous area at the eastern end of the valley.  The lesson here is we should always be good stewards of all God has given us.

When you get to verse 40, you will encounter some information about Dan.  The land given to Dan may have been the least desirable allotment.  It was also a geographically smaller piece of land.  However, Dan lost part of it as a result of losing a battle with the Amorites.  After that the tribe moved northward and took some land around the city of Leshem.

The chapter ends with Joshua.  You might remember that Caleb had first pick on the land in Canaan.  To his credit he picked one of the most difficult sections to take.  Joshua, on the other hand, had last pick. 

The deal was Joshua could have any part of the land that he wanted.  Here was another test of Joshua’s character.  After all he had been through in leading the nation of Israel either as Moses’ second in command during the wilderness journeys or through leading the nation of Israel through the taking of the Promised Land, Joshua could have understandably asked for the prime territory.  Instead he asked for the city of Timnath Serah which is in one of the most mountainous, infertile areas of the Promised Land. 

There are two important things we can learn about Biblical leadership from this episode in Joshua’s life.  One, leaders go last.  They do all they can to make sure everybody else has what they need before they go.  Two, leaders don’t grab the best.  A Biblical leader’s humility will always drive him to taking on the most difficult of tasks and settling for what few others would choose.

Posted by Joe Ligon with

Joshua 18




SCRIPTURE: Joshua 18

Normal feels good doesn’t it?  After making you read two chapters yesterday, we are back to one today.  And we have a very interesting chapter in front of us.

As the chapter opens, we are told that whole congregation of Israel had gathered at Shiloh.  They had been at Gilgal.  But they moved 20 miles to the northwest to Shiloh which was in the hill country of the Promised Land.  The question of course is why did they do that?  Although we not told precisely, we do know that Shiloh was more centrally located than Gilgal.

Since they set up the tent of meeting in Shiloh, the place of worship would have been more centrally located for the entire nation as well.  This tent of meeting was the Tabernacle.  The Tabernacle was the portable forerunner of the Temple that would be built in Jerusalem during Solomon’s reign.  This Tabernacle consisted of an incredibly large enclosure made with skins, animal hides, and cloth.  Inside the Tabernacle was the enclosed area known as the Holy Place.  And inside the Holy Place was another enclosed area known as the Holy of Holies.  It was in this Holy of Holies that the Ark of the Covenant rested.  The lid of this ark was known as the mercy seat.  And this mercy seat was the place God came to when He met with His people.

So, moving the Tabernacle to a more centrally located city would have made it more available to all.  Perhaps this was intended to enhance the people’s focus on the presence of God.  And perhaps this was an attempt to keep the dissatisfaction that sons of Joseph expressed over their allotment from spreading to other tribes.  Dissatisfaction in one group has a notorious way of infecting other groups.  At some point, we all have to learn to be satisfied with God has given us.

When we get to verse 2, we read that the allotment of land had not been extended to seven of the tribes.  But as you continue to read, it seems that the reason those allotments had not been made was based on the failure of those tribes. 

We can only assume that those seven tribes were somehow content to continue to roam around the countryside.  They were not claiming God’s promise of taking the land.  They were not living in the purpose of God.

We need to slow down at this point and think about this.  It is one thing to know what God’s promise, plan, and purpose are.  It is another thing entirely to claim those as your own.  And it is another thing on top of that to live in that promise, plan, and purpose.  When we don’t have the courage to do that, we tend to live life just wandering around without a destination in mind and without accomplishing any purpose of any significance.

Joshua presents a plan to fix this situation.  Twenty-one men, three from each tribe, were to scout out the remaining land and bring a report back.  At that point, lots would be cast and each of those tribes would be allotted the land God intended for them to have.

Posted by Joe Ligon with

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