THURSDAY, OCTOBER 18
SCRIPTURE: DEUTERONOMY 4
BY: Josh Boles
Today we start Moses’s second speech. This speech is a repeat of the Law found from Exodus to Numbers. Again, as we discussed in chapter one, this is in expositional form. Moses is delivering a sermon to the people, not reciting new laws. Moses has already stated a couple of times, and again here, that the Lord is angry with him and he will not be allowed to enter into the Promise Land. This, I believe, is Moses’s heart in his sermon. He wants so badly for the Israelite people to enter into the land promised to them so he must warn them not to fall into past mistakes.
Chapter 4 is considered to start the section of Moses’s speech on the Law, but is in a bit different form. This specific speech is even more expositional than chapters 1-3 and offered a transition from those chapters into reciting the Law. Just take a look at how chapter 4 starts, “and now.” This is a turning from reciting the past to Moses’s main sermon.
Chapter 4 is a very long chapter. If you have already read it I’m sure you have noticed this. Because of this, it would be very difficult to focus on a key point or even a few key points. What I want to do today is just break down these sections and briefly explain the context to you. This will be more practical information just to prepare us for the Laws in the chapters to come.
Just like any good southern Baptist preacher, Moses has some pretty clear points, and a strong conclusion. Also just like ay Southern Baptist preacher, it takes Moses a really long time to communicate these three points, and even longer to land the ship. This first point Moses makes is that God speaks, and we should listen. If you take a look at verse two, the supremacy and sufficiency of scripture is stated here. Israel is to submit to God’s whole, and perfect Word. They are commanded, just as we are, to not take away, or add anything to it.
The next point is, God is holy, we should fear him. Since we are commanded to hear God’s Word, we are commanded to Obey God’s Word. Take a closer look at verses 3-4. Moses says that those who are alive today are the ones the would hold fast to God’s commandments. In other words, they feared the Lord, and kept His commands to the best of their ability.
Moses’s third point is that God is wise, we should learn from Him. Obedience to the Lord will always point people to the wisdom of the Lord. This just makes sense. If we live according to the Bible, we will live a wise life. If we consider ourselves to be Christ followers, but follow our own pride and expectations, we will be mere pretenders and people will not consider our way of life wise. Israel’s tendency is to do just this. They accept God’s commands, but then life life the way they want to. We see this portrayed in verse 9.
The last section is very long but Moses has some important truths to communicate here. In his very long conclusion his point is that God alone is God, and we should worship Him. This is a response to the previous points. Because God speaks, because he is holy and wise, we should worship Him as the one true God. Moses offers several examples of why this is true.
In verse 10-19 Moses speaks of Israel’s experience at Sinai. Then, in 20 he speaks of their deliverance. Verse 21-24 speaks of Moses’s experience at Kadesh when he hit the rock instead of speaking to it like God commanded him to. 25-31 is God’s loving covenant for His people, in spite of their rebellion, and the last few verses speak about the great love of God. Moses spends a great deal of time emphasizing that the Lord is the one and only true God. He is the Lord of all, and He commands obedience from us. No matter if we lived during the time of Deuteronomy or present day, we are to live a life of faithful obedience.