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Deuteronomy 5




SCRIPTURE:  Deuteronomy 5

BY: Jeremy Witt

Moses has called the nation together and begins his address in verse 1.  Notice how starts.  He calls them to Listen, hear, learn, and obey.  Listening/hearing requires absorbing or letting the words come into our minds.  Learning is understanding what is happening and its implications for us.  Obeying is putting it into practice and applying it to our lives.  These are three good things for all of us today.

Moses begins the 10 commandments in verses 6-21.  Verses 6-12 apply to our relationship with God and helps shape how we obey God, view God, and worship God.  Verses 13-21 apply to our relationships with others. 

Verse 7 reminds us that God is one and demands that He is the only one we worship.  Anything else is a god and that includes ourselves.  We make ourselves a god when we insist on being in control and not trusting in Him.  Anything else that comes in place of God does the same thing, so we must be careful to protect God’s place in our lives.

Verse 8 continues this god or idol concept further.  We tend to like to touch things and make things tangible.  Mankind has struggled with worshipping the Unseen God and prefers to take matters into our own hands, which goes directly against God’s instructions.  Our flesh fights against the Spirit as we read in the New Testament.

Verse 11 has the commandment of taking the LORD’s name in vain or misusing the name of God.  When we use God’s name in cursing or even joking, we are committing this sin.  It goes so far as using God’s name in a useless or empty way.  When we are praising the name of God or proclaiming His glory, it is the opposite of taking His name in vain.  Let us be careful in our words to protect His Name and not using it improperly. 

Verse 12-15 involve the Sabbath and worship.  This commandment is the only one not mentioned again in the New Testament for us to follow; however, it was very important for worship prior to the Cross.  God’s purpose was to focus on Him and to rest.  This allows us to reset and get our priorities in line with Him if we are obedient. 

Verse 16 is the only commandment with a blessing tied to it as we honor our parents.  Notice it is not stated if they deserve honor or not, but that we are to honor them, period!  How are you doing in honoring your parents?

Verse 17 we are not to murder, and Jesus takes it further in Matthew 5:21-22.  I’ll let you read that yourself.

Verses 18-21 continue in things to avoid with other people and how we are to act.

What we discover throughout the Old Testament and then into the New Testament, there were a variety of ways to interpret these commandments.  Some took them very literally and focused on the letter of the law.  Some took these in principle, and then Jesus explains the intent of the Law as in Matthew 5.

Verses 22-33 Moses returns to reminding the people of their journey with God and how the LORD has blessed them, led them and that they are in a covenant relationship with God.  They are to hear, listen, learn, and obey.

Posted by Jeremy Witt with

Deuteronomy 4





BY: Josh Boles

Today we start Moses’s second speech. This speech is a repeat of the Law found from Exodus to Numbers. Again, as we discussed in chapter one, this is in expositional form. Moses is delivering a sermon to the people, not reciting new laws. Moses has already stated a couple of times, and again here, that the Lord is angry with him and he will not be allowed to enter into the Promise Land. This, I believe, is Moses’s heart in his sermon. He wants so badly for the Israelite people to enter into the land promised to them so he must warn them not to fall into past mistakes.

Chapter 4 is considered to start the section of Moses’s speech on the Law, but is in a bit different form. This specific speech is even more expositional than chapters 1-3 and offered a transition from those chapters into reciting the Law. Just take a look at how chapter 4 starts, “and now.” This is a turning from reciting the past to Moses’s main sermon.

Chapter 4 is a very long chapter. If you have already read it I’m sure you have noticed this. Because of this, it would be very difficult to focus on a key point or even a few key points. What I want to do today is just break down these sections and briefly explain the context to you. This will be more practical information just to prepare us for the Laws in the chapters to come.

Just like any good southern Baptist preacher, Moses has some pretty clear points, and a strong conclusion. Also just like ay Southern Baptist preacher, it takes Moses a really long time to communicate these three points, and even longer to land the ship. This first point Moses makes is that God speaks, and we should listen. If you take a look at verse two, the supremacy and sufficiency of scripture is stated here. Israel is to submit to God’s whole, and perfect Word. They are commanded, just as we are, to not take away, or add anything to it.

The next point is, God is holy, we should fear him. Since we are commanded to hear God’s Word, we are commanded to Obey God’s Word. Take a closer look at verses 3-4. Moses says that those who are alive today are the ones the would hold fast to God’s commandments. In other words, they feared the Lord, and kept His commands to the best of their ability.

Moses’s third point is that God is wise, we should learn from Him. Obedience to the Lord will always point people to the wisdom of the Lord. This just makes sense. If we live according to the Bible, we will live a wise life. If we consider ourselves to be Christ followers, but follow our own pride and expectations, we will be mere pretenders and people will not consider our way of life wise. Israel’s tendency is to do just this. They accept God’s commands, but then life life the way they want to. We see this portrayed in verse 9.

The last section is very long but Moses has some important truths to communicate here. In his very long conclusion his point is that God alone is God, and we should worship Him. This is a response to the previous points. Because God speaks, because he is holy and wise, we should worship Him as the one true God. Moses offers several examples of why this is true.

In verse 10-19 Moses speaks of Israel’s experience at Sinai. Then, in 20 he speaks of their deliverance. Verse 21-24 speaks of Moses’s experience at Kadesh when he hit the rock instead of speaking to it like God commanded him to. 25-31 is God’s loving covenant for His people, in spite of their rebellion, and the last few verses speak about the great love of God. Moses spends a great deal of time emphasizing that the Lord is the one and only true God. He is the Lord of all, and He commands obedience from us. No matter if we lived during the time of Deuteronomy or present day, we are to live a life of faithful obedience.

Posted by Josh Boles with

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